The Top 10 Relapse Prevention Skills

A relapse prevention plan includes various strategies and techniques, such as identifying personal behaviors, to help reduce the risk of a relapse following treatment for substance use disorder. In this study, the impact of drug adverse effects on first-relapse patients began to emerge, and it became an increasingly significant issue for patients to continue taking drugs. These findings are consistent with previous studies [49, 52], indicating that as medication dosage increases and the occurrence of side effects rises, and the likelihood of treatment non-adherence by patients also increases.

Systematic reviews and large-scale treatment outcome studies

  • For example, if you are not getting enough sleep, you are going to feel run down physically, irritable, emotional, and may be more likely to use.
  • However, if these feelings occur almost daily for more than 2 weeks or begin to affect work or social life, a person may be experiencing depression.
  • The recently introduced dynamic model of relapse [8] takes many of the RREP criticisms into account.
  • One particularly notable innovation to the Relapse Prevention (RP) model is Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP).
  • Dealing with post-acute withdrawal is one of the tasks of the abstinence stage [1].

The patient reported significant pain improvement, and examination of his eye showed a decreasing corneal ulcer (5 × 5 mm) with completely healed conjunctival epithelium, suggesting the patient possibly had ocular syphilis. We transitioned the patient to oral tecovirimat on day 8 and discharged him on day 12 of readmission with a 1-week course of prednisolone acetate eye drops (4×/d) and a 14-day course of oral tecovirimat. We started the patient on oral tecovirimat and bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide for HIV.

relapse prevention

Finding Support

The focus is on identifying and accepting the urge, not acting on the urge or attempting to fight it4. Another factor that may occur is the Problem of Immediate Gratification where the client settles for shorter positive outcomes and does not consider larger long term adverse consequences when they lapse. A variety of drugs are used to help individuals in the process of recovery from addiction.

  • How individuals deal with setbacks plays a major role in recovery—and influences the very prospects for full recovery.
  • Along with the client, the therapist needs to explore past circumstances and triggers of relapse.
  • Regardless, it is important to consider the following items when creating a relapse prevention plan.
  • Overall, a large volume of research has yielded no consensus operational definition of the term [14,15].

Behavioral Couples Therapy (BCT)

It also provides the skills to change your behavior and avoid misusing substances again. This blog explores relapse prevention, strategies for avoiding triggers, and coping mechanisms to manage urges of repeat negative habits. Whether you or a loved one are experiencing challenges controlling their addictive behaviors, the road toward rebuilding self-control can be overwhelming.

  • Sticking with treatment for the entire length of the program is important, too.
  • Numerous studies have shown that mind-body relaxation reduces the use of drugs and alcohol and is effective in long-term relapse prevention [28,29].
  • A person’s support system may also play an important role in recovery and the avoidance of relapse.
  • By so doing, you will be able to foster recovery that involves less significant and fewer episodes of relapse.
  • The clinician will use a range of strategies to facilitate these activities.

Relapse Prevention Plan (Video)

relapse prevention

Clients need to understand that one of the benefits of going to meetings is to be reminded of what the “voice of addiction” sounds like, because it is easy to forget. Self-efficacy refers to a person’s confidence in their own ability to achieve something. When a person’s self-efficacy is low, they may have a hard time believing in their ability to maintain sobriety. A relapse may look different for each person, depending on how much they use and the circumstances surrounding the relapse.

These situations include, for example, social pressures and emotional states that could lead to thoughts about using substances, and ultimately to cravings and urges to use. They want to prove relapse prevention that they have control over their addiction and they are not as unhealthy as people think. Joining a self-help group has been shown to significantly increase the chances of long-term recovery.

Now is the time to put our plan into action or we increase the risk of a lapse. If we would consider why we made the change in the first place, we would remember how the old behavior made us feel worse. Talking to a supportive person, distraction, or relaxation can help relieve the pressure. Twelve-step groups include Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Marijuana Anonymous (MA), Cocaine Anonymous (CA), Gamblers Anonymous (GA), and Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACA). Every country, every town, and almost every cruise ship has a 12-step meeting. There are other self-help groups, including Women for Sobriety, Secular Organizations for Sobriety, Smart Recovery, and Caduceus groups for health professionals.

  • Alternatively, once a milestone is reached, individuals feel they have recovered enough that they can determine when and how to use safely.
  • Relapse prevention is a skill that takes dedication and following relapse prevention strategies.
  • Most of these patients should already have established a relationship with an addiction physician or an experienced addiction therapist.
  • The patient we report had newly diagnosed advanced HIV, and his first corneal ulcer resolved after he began empiric penicillin for possible ocular syphilis.